The basics of yoga

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The basics of yoga: the main principles and useful information

Today, yoga occupies an important place in the life of modern society. This was facilitated by the expansion of information boundaries, including through the development of the Internet. Yoga has become available to everyone who wants to gain new knowledge.

But what are the basics of yoga really? What are her tasks? It is necessary to understand all this, taking into account the experience of the past accumulated over the years and current trends.

The philosophy and purpose of yoga

The philosophy and purpose of yoga
basics of yoga

Yoga is a system of spiritual development. Translated from the ancient language of the Vedas-Sanskrit, this word means “unity”,” union”, “connection”. It comes from the root yuj (to bind, to connect).

The main purpose of this ancient science is to unite our “I”, this formed personality that we associate with our own body, with the most perfect part of our being.

The perfect and wise part of us is called differently in different concepts, cultures, and religions, but its essence does not change. It is the divine energy, the soul, God, the Atman, the Absolute, the Inner Sage, the Universe, or the Supreme Mind.

Yoga points out the path leading from the outside to the inside and allows you to better understand the absolute laws and your place in them, becoming truly useful to the modern world.

One of the goals of this science of self-improvement is to be able to control your mind. An uncontrolled mind turns anyone into an egoist, filling them with fears and worries. This, in turn, excludes the possibility of being happy, calm, and harmonious.

The basics of yoga are written in outdated books that have earned respect up to the present time. The most legitimate of them, as we would like to think, are the following: Yoga Sutras of Patanjali with analysis; Hatha Yoga Pradipika; Three-volume School of Yoga of Bihar; Hatha Yoga Deepika (BCS Iyengar)

Basic basics of Yoga: karma, reincarnation, austerity, and tapas

To move to the next stages of yoga, mastering the basics of yoga, you need to learn such important concepts: karma, reincarnation, asceticism, and tapas.

This is the necessary foundation for the observance of Yam and Niyam, as well as the conditions for advancing to the next stages of yoga.

Basics of Yoga and Karma

Karma in Sanskrit means “action, cause-effect, retribution”. This is the universal law of cause and effect, according to which the righteous or sinful actions of a person determine his future fate.

The law of karma is very succinctly conveyed by the well-known proverb “What you sow, you will reap”. The law of karma is based on the ability to identify oneself with one’s own actions.

Yoga Basics and Reincarnation

This is the process of rebirth of consciousness from one body to another. Reincarnation makes us understand that this body and this life are not the only things we have experienced and that there are still many different reincarnations ahead of us.

All the available experience and wisdom were formed countless previous lives in different bodies and not only in human ones.

Therefore, we are now responsible for the future that awaits us after death. Understanding reincarnation is of great importance for people who study the basics of yoga. This imposes a certain responsibility on the actions performed and brings awareness to life.

Basics of Yoga and Asceticism

A conscious exit from the comfort zone requires effort through the development of patience and self-discipline. Without austerity, there is no yoga practice. It is through adequate austerities that progress in yoga is possible.

Who among you has implemented a project or performed a complex, voluminous task that requires new knowledge, skills, and abilities, is probably familiar with asceticism. This is being in a controlled state of discomfort, which we ourselves accept as a necessity for achieving results.

Basics of Yoga and Tapas

The gratitude accumulated by man transformed through asceticism into universal, freely convertible energy.

Thus, in order to have any amount of tapas, we need to interact with other people, provide them with services that bring gratitude. Then, the accumulated amount of gratitude will be able to work in a universal application, provided that it is transformed through austerities. And the fastest and most effective way of asceticism is yoga classes!

Why is it important for a yoga student to understand this? Because the practice of yoga gives a lot of energy to use it properly, you need a set of moral norms (Yama and Niyama), an understanding that we should not take everything from life here and now (reincarnation and responsibility for what we have done, karma).

Types of yoga

Basic basics of Yoga: karma, reincarnation, austerity, and tapas
basics of yoga

Let’s talk about what types of yoga there are. Not to be confused with the varieties of yoga that have emerged in the last few centuries. Now a huge number of original styles created by outstanding teachers of our time (Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga, Vini yoga, Jivamukti yoga, Aeingara Yoga, etc.) have been created.

Here we will also consider the three-dimensional subsections of yoga, which differ in the essence of the qualities, the level of personal development of the practitioner who chooses this or that type of yoga.

Karma Yoga

As mentioned above, “karma” is an action. Therefore, this type of yoga involves performing certain actions, namely physical or other active work without reference to its results.

Promotes the development of altruism, reduces the attachment to one’s own “I”, develops awareness and the ability to be in the flow of activity. In most Ashrams of modern India, Europeans will immediately be offered this type of yoga: washing the floors in the Ashram or helping in the kitchen.

Bhakti Yoga

This is the yoga of devotional service. Develops such qualities as devotion, service to the supreme (Ishvara Pranidhana), the ability to sacrifice one’s desires for the benefit of others, and love for God (the Absolute, the supreme mind). The practice of Bhakti yoga involves reading the scriptures, chanting the names of God, and singing sacred hymns. I think many of you are familiar with it from the accepted rites in the Christian traditions and traditions of other world religions.

Jnana Yoga

Yoga, which involves working with the mind and understanding the highest state of consciousness through analytical practices of mindfulness, concentration, and reflection on spiritual topics. Jnana-knowledge is a more suitable type of practice for people who find it difficult to serve the supreme through a direct and open heart, it allows you to pass this path through the pacification of the conceptual mind and the opening of its new facets.

Raja Yoga

Royal yoga. This is a work with obscurations. In the most general sense, this type of yoga can be compared with the eightfold path of Patanjali. The highest stage of Raja Yoga is union with the Absolute? achieving the state of samadhi and liberation.

Basics of Hatha Yoga

The first four steps of the eight-step path of Patanjali are Hatha Yoga. Yama, niyama, asana, and pranayama. The techniques of Hatha Yoga also include bandhas, kriya, mudras.

The term Hatha consists of two roots:

“ha” – power aspect, external, masculine, bodily principle;

“tha” – the flexible aspect, the inner, feminine, intuitive.

So, Hatha Yoga? it is a practice that combines strength and flexibility, dynamics and statics, activity, and the inner aspect. Hatha yoga is filled with techniques for working with the body, mind, and breath.

Bandhas are energy locks. Kriya-cleansing techniques, the most popular and well-presented here: book basics of yoga download.

Mudra is a seal, a sign. These are special finger positions that have different effects on the mental and physical body.

8 steps of basic yoga

The most well-known book on yoga practice is viewed as the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. It was composed more than 5,000 years back. It contains 196 sutras (short verses loaded up with significance).

The book remembers philosophical reflections for the subject of self-information and in such a manner is one of their most regarded sources. Reasoning and yoga are consolidated in this composition into a solitary all-encompassing framework.

In any case, it isn’t truly appropriate for tenderfoots, it is too hard to even think about understanding. It is a portrayal of the practices that should be possible simply by experienced specialists.

There is likewise data about the means of yoga, which you need to move every individual who is simply starting their initial phases toward this path. A large number of them can be utilized as self-improvement guides. You should just adhere to the eight stages of yoga:

  • Yama;
  • Niyama;
  • Asana;
  •  Pranayama;
  • Pratyahara;
  •  Dharana;
  •   Dhyana;
  •   Samadhi

The initial two phases (Yama and Niyama) help the beginner specialist to work out his good and volitional characteristics. They will be needed for the arrangement of a cognizant, capable character. There are five Pits that show an individual to act effectively comparable to their general surroundings:

Nonviolence (Ahimsa);

  • honesty (Sathya);
  • prohibition of theft (Asteya);
  • non-possessiveness, non-hoarding (Aparigraha);
  • a vision of Divinity in everything (Brahmacharya)

Niyam also knows five, they are commandments for working out the inner spiritual world of a person:

  • purity of body, speech, and mind (Shaucha);
  • self-discipline and asceticism (Tapah);
  • contentment, modesty, optimism (Santosha);
  • self-education (Svadhyaya);
  • work for the benefit of society, altruism (Ishvara Pranidhana).

All Yam and Niyam depend on the certainties set down from adolescence. They are vital for appropriate cooperation with the rest of the world and the internal identity.

Asanas show us how to function with our bodies. Fortify, restore, positively affect the psychophysical state of the endocrine framework.

Pranayamas are intended to figure out how to function with our breath. This is an unpretentious cycle that goes with us from the principal breath upon entering the world. Appropriate breathing stimulates us, hones our brains, and causes us to assume responsibility for our feelings.

Pratyahara (the technique of distraction of the senses from the objects to which they are usually sent), Dharana (this is the process of training the mind, the process discipline of the mind, which is achieved by concentration at one point 90 %), and Dhyana (contemplation, a “special concentration of consciousness on the object of contemplation”) – all these degrees are taught working with the mind.

Samadhi is a state of enlightenment in which the very idea of individual consciousness disappears and a person passes into a pure state of being, uniting the observer and the observer in himself or, in other words, ceasing to exist the very concept of separateness

There are heaps of significance of Sun in our normal life. Bunches of sacrosanct books from the antiquated period are examining the significance of the Sun. Still today it’s a riddle and the pursuit is on. However, the facts demonstrate that the sun is pulling in us from long back. As we talk about the antiquated world, just as the present reality sun has consistently given us lifesaving vitality. Sun gives the levelheaded capacity to our body as well as to our astral body.

Either our researcher may consider the sun a fireball or allude it to a planet however the significant scholar of old age comprehended its numerous privileged insights and spread the information on the advantages of the sun to the individuals for their prosperity. Be that as it may, today the information on the sun is wiped out. Here we are examining the mysteries of the sun so that while doing Surya Namaskar we have respect, dedication, and confidence for the sun and we can be profited by it.

Surya Namaskar has 12 stances to experience. Each posture has one mantra. Each activity has its own advantage. We possibly need to state that in the event that you need another life, then go for Surya Namaskar.

On the off chance that Surya Namaskar is done regularly as indicated by rules, it is substantially more advantageous than some other exercise. As much as the portrayal of “sun the god” is done is less. Consequently here we are depicting certain advantages of Surya Namaskar

POSES OF SURYA NAMASKAR:

  •  Pranama Asana (Salutation Posture) Method:- Stand in attention position facing towards East and join both the hands touching the chest. Spinal Chord must be straight and stretched chest… Concentrate on the Anahata chakra. Exhale and speak the mantra “Om Mitraya Namah: Means Oh Sun the friend of world salute to you.”

  • Padahastasana (Hand to foot posture) Method:- Now bend to the forward position raising your hands down touching The ground around the foot. Keep the knees straight and try to touch the nose to them. As soon as you reach this position exhale out. Concentrate on Swadhisthan chakra. Speak the mantra “Om Surya Namah:- Means Oh the Sun who gave life to the world salute to you.
Padahastasana (Hand to foot posture) Method
basics of yoga
  • Ashwa Sanchalanasana (Equestrian posture) Method:- Now push your left leg backward and touch the ground with the toes and knee. folding the knee leaves the foot at its place. Stretch the head moving backward. Keep your sight straight. Place both your hands down touching the ground. Breathe by the nose. Concentrate on Aagya Chakra Speak the mantra. “Om Bhanve Namah”:-Means Oh the Sunlight salute to you.

    The method of astuteness (posture of hands)
    basics of yoga
  • Parvatasana (Mountain posture) Method:- Now bring back your left leg to join with the right leg and bow down your head placing it in between both the arms and lift your buttocks and exhale. Don’t raise your heels and at your knees. Concentrate on Vishudhi Chakra. Speak to the mantra. “ Om Khagay Namah:- Means Hey the Sun who produce movements in space Salute to you.
Parvatasana (Mountain posture)
basics of yoga
    • Ashtanga Namaskara (Salutation with eight limbs) Method:- Bending on your knees laying down with your chest touches the ground. In this pose toes, knees, chest, chin, and both palms will touch the ground. Only the buttocks portion will not touch the ground lift it a little upwards. You Can inhale and exhale. Later on, hold your breath. Concentrate on ManiPurak Chakra. Speak to the Mantra. “Om Pushney Namah:- Means Oh Sun, world’s nourisher salute to you.
    Ashtanga Namaskara (Salutation with eight limbs) Method
    basics of yoga
    •  Bhujangasana (Cobra posture) Method:- Laying your thighs to the ground raise your head upwards. Lift your Spine in bow shape stretching the chest, inhale. Push your head backward till you Can. Concentrate on Swadhisthan Chakra. Speak to the Mantra. Om Hiranyagarbhaya Namah:- Means Oh luminous sun salute to you.
    Bhujangasana (Cobra posture) Method
    basics of yoga
    • Method pamahalaan (posture of hands and feet): – This asana is a repetition of asana 3 (Padahastasana). Bring your right leg closer to your left leg. How to bend your back forward. Bring your head close to your knees and touch your nose to your knees. Touch the Ground with your toes and palms. As you perform this asana, exhale and welcome the Surya Deva into your heart. Focus on the Swadhisthana chakra. Say this mantra. “Om Savitri Namah”: so, o sun, you are the producer of the world
    •  Ashwa Sanchalanasana (Equestrian posture) Method:- This asana is a slight repetition of posture 4 (Ashwa Sanchalanasana). Stretching left leg forward Place it in between both the palms. The spine must be stretched and vision must be in Front. Stretch your right leg according to your strength, your foot facing the sky, and your Knee touching the ground. Inhale while doing this asana. Concentrate on Aagya Chakra. Speak to the manta. “Om Aditya Namah”:- Means Oh Sun the world saver salute to you.
    • .Hastauttanasana (Raised arm posture) Method:- This asana is the repetition of asana 2 (Hastauttanasana). Slowly bend your head And arms to the backward position. Inhale and concentrate on vishudhi chakra and Speak the mantra. “Om Akarya Namah”:- Means Hey Sun, the reformer of unholiness, salute to You.
    •  Pranamasana (Salutation posture) Method:- This asana is the repetition of asana 1 (Pranama Asana). Stand in the namaskar pose. Exhale While coming in this pose. Concentrate on Anahat Chakra. Speak to the Mantra. “ Om Bhaskaray Namah”:- Means Hey Sun, who gives a light salute to you.

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